História emociona, mas não há concessões (Foto Divulgação)
História emociona, mas não há concessões (Foto Divulgação)

“Cafarnaum”, o caos de um mundo onde estamos incapazes de proteger nossas crianças

Por Daniela Prandi
DaniPrandi_0188c_500Nas ruas de uma Beirute destruída, sobreviver é para os fortes. Zain (Zain Al Rafeea), um garoto que não sabe nem quantos anos tem, corre de um lado para o outro tentando escapar da violência do mundo adulto em “Cafarnaum”, filme da cineasta libanesa Nadine Labaki, de “Caramelo” (2007) e “E agora, para onde vamos?” (2011), que levou o Grande Prêmio do Júri no Festival de Cannes 2018 e agora está na corrida do Oscar na categoria estrangeiro. Filme de criança, às vezes, pode cair no sentimentalismo, mas aqui não é o caso. A história emociona, mas não há concessões.
Cafarnaum, o título do filme, além de ser o nome de uma cidade bíblica, hoje sítio arqueológico em Israel, onde acredita-se que Jesus tenha pregado, é sinônimo de caos. O filme começa com o pequeno Zain no tribunal, enfrentando o juiz. É réu, pois esfaqueou alguém, mas se transforma em acusador quando questiona a (ir)responsabilidade dos pais, que nem ao menos o registraram quando nasceu e que, por uma razão que saberemos mais tarde, o levaram a cometer o crime.
Cafarnaum é sinônimo de caos (Foto Divulgação)
Cafarnaum é sinônimo de caos (Foto Divulgação)
“O que você quer dos seus pais?”, pergunta o juiz. “Quero que eles parem de ter filhos”, grita Zain. O roteiro é engenhoso e a própria diretora faz o papel da advogada do seu protagonista, em uma história construída a partir de entrevistas em favelas e centros de detenção de menores no Líbano durante três anos. Ao final de cada conversa, Nadine Labaki perguntava se a criança estava feliz por estar viva. Na maioria das vezes, a resposta era “não”. Para nós, brasileiros “acostumados” a ver crianças passando fome nas ruas, tudo faz ainda mais sentido.
Aos poucos, a história de Zain é desenrolada e o que assistimos é desolador. Em uma família de pais violentos, as crianças dormem apinhadas enquanto, no quarto ao lado, o casal trata de encomendar mais filhos. Os pequenos trabalham sem parar, não vão à escola, cometem pequenos delitos e não há tempo para brincar. A vida é dura, falta comida, falta cuidado, falta amor.
Zain (Zain Al Rafeea): história desoladora (Foto Divulgação)
Zain (Zain Al Rafeea): história desoladora (Foto Divulgação)
Zain protege a irmã pré-adolescente, que tem sua primeira menstruação, mas a garota logo vai embora, negociada com um comerciante em busca de uma esposa que “desabrocha” em troca de algumas galinhas. Sem ter como reagir, vai viver na rua, longe da violência doméstica. Passa fome, dorme ao relento e faz o que pode para fugir dos adultos até que conhece uma refugiada africana (Yordanos Shifera) que o leva para casa; casa é maneira de dizer, na verdade um barraco entre os muitos tantos de uma favela como tão bem conhecemos no Brasil.
A africana é uma imigrante ilegal, que trabalha para dar sustento ao filho de 1 ano enquanto junta dinheiro para comprar documentos que a deixariam viver no Líbano. Naquele novo núcleo familiar, Zain ganha a função de cuidar do bebê enquanto a mulher emenda uma faxina atrás da outra. Mas, um dia, ela não volta e o protagonista vê-se, mais uma vez, sozinho na vida. Com um agravante: há uma criança que ainda não sabe andar que depende dele para sobreviver.
O desfecho deixa um gosto amargo (Foto Divulgação)
O desfecho deixa um gosto amargo (Foto Divulgação)
Zain conhece uma garota que vende flores no semáforo e descobre que, para os refugiados, há comida, leite e fraldas. Faz-se passar por sírio para poder retirar alimento para o bebê, enquanto o arrasta em um carrinho improvisado por cenários de violência, miséria e caos, sempre o caos. No cruzamento entre a pobreza doméstica e a crise humanitária, a diretora reúne todos os males naquelas ruas de Beirute enquanto acompanhamos o vaivém de Zain e seu “filho”, que, afinal, são crianças e ainda encontram tempo para alguma diversão.  É tocante a cena em que, ao improvisar com um espelho, Zain consegue assistir a um desenho animado que passa na TV do vizinho.
Mas não vamos esquecer que a história está sendo contada em flashback e logo chegaremos ao momento de saber a razão de Zain estar preso. No tribunal estão os pais e também a africana que o acolheu. Aos poucos, entendemos. O desfecho deixa um gosto amargo e é impossível sair do cinema sem sentir o peso da responsabilidade desses nossos tempos. Que mundo é esse, um mundo onde adultos são incapazes de proteger suas (nossas) crianças?
TRAILER

Sobre Daniela Prandi

Daniela Prandi, paulista, jornalista, fanática por cinema, vai do pop ao cult mas não passa nem perto de filmes de terror. Louca por livros, gibis, arte, poesia e tudo o mais que mexa com as palavras em movimento, vive cada sessão de cinema como se fosse a última.

Check Also

"O que Hilda teria achado desse auê todo?" (Foto Instituto Hilda Hilst)

O dia em que conheci a obscena senhora Hilda Hilst

Os cachorros cercaram o carro do jornal e na entrada da casa estava Hilda Hilst, …

24 comentários

  1. Congratulations to the latest Rhode Island Powerball winner!
    The lottery winner successfully matched the correct Powerball winning numbers in the last drawing
    and won a huge prize. One lucky winner matched 4 out of
    5 white winning Powerball numbers, AND the red Powerball number for that third-tier prize of
    $10,000, according to Rhode Island Lottery officials
    on Thursday, Sept. 25.

    The estimated jackpot amount for Wednesday’s drawing is $183 million annuity, or $112.5 million cash cost.
    Both options are before tax returns. Since the Powerball
    numbers were drawn only minutes ago, it’s still too early to determine if anyone
    won the Powerball jackpot.

    Although the mysterious lottery winner has yet arrive forward to claim
    the huge 3win8 register, lottery officials encourage anyone
    who purchased a Mega Millions lottery ticket at this Staten Island ShopRite store to sign the back of their tickets immediately, and double-check the
    Mega Millions winning numbers. May perhaps be anybody!

    Make sure you look at the official lottery Web site for your state to
    verify the winning numbers. It for the California Lottery is located on this paper.

    As tonight’s Mega Millions winner, you will find a tough decision to attain. Will you choose between the annuity option of $20 million paid out over 26 years,
    as well as one-time cash payment of $14 million dollar?
    Remember, both lottery options are before taxes are deducted.

    To put a little down to earth touch to these odds, ok, i’ll
    transfer the odds into earthly miles. The Mega Millions, recently joined by
    the Powerball in pay day loan Lottery games, has estimated odds of 175 million to in order to win the Jackpot.

    The Pick 3 has 1,000 to one odds of winning the Jackpot.

    When a prize of $600 or even more is won, most state lotteries could possibly make the
    payment to one claimant just. Wins of $600.00 or more are reported to
    the irs as earned income. Your pool must decide who strengthens paying the tax on those gains.
    Whoever claims the big prize should fill in the IRS Form 5754 and send
    it to your lottery. Towards the bottom of 2011 when the lottery does its taxes,
    everyone within your pool will get a W2G Form taxed for his tell.
    The best way to distribute a jackpot prize
    would have the lottery office cut separate checks
    each and every pool player. If the prize is large, some
    members may need to opt for that annuity payouts, others may wish their be associated
    with a 1. When your pool wins a jackpot, you should seek
    professional advice from an accountant and lawyer before you claim
    it. http://stitchembroiderydesigns.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.mycasinotraffic.com%2Fslot-game-most-popular-online-gambling.html

  2. In cases like this, you need to invest in a relatively easy picture frames.
    If this is a matter of yours too, then you definitely should learn about the best processes to procure such things.
    The beginning of Leonardo’s life was focused on art and painting in particular.

  3. Schedule a period of time with she or he to you may
    have and complete the following exercise. The Sony PSP has a lcd screen which has 4.5 inches width.
    Be in order to give on the self-criticism and celebrate your uniqueness.

  4. That they will hurt your cause, then below the layer be
    refrained. But Any also is aware that Stephen is a loving husband and she has full confidence in him.
    It is improbable to “make” others happy, in but the.

  5. This work reveals a kind of poetic mood and everyone would be easily attracted by it.
    If this is a question of yours too, then you should learn concerning the best strategies to procure such things.

    As modern humanity exposes their tanned skin during vacations they
    like to show off their pictures in social network websites.

  6. It is common to get the ornamental painting
    and sculptures with shapes depicting an interesting mix of different elements from the artist’s religious, physical and cultural background.

    Leonardo Da Vinci was given birth to inside Florentine Republic on April 15th,
    1452. Matisse also became the king in the
    Fauvism and was famous inside art circle.

  7. In cases like this, you will have to invest in a straight-forward picture frames.
    Waterslide paper emerges in clear or white however clear is a bit more preferred, considering the fact that any kind of unprinted locations on the image
    may be clear. Then it matters not when it is heads
    or tail, you can predict the last results.

  8. Should your motive here is to find out paintings available Melbourne or paintings for sale Brisbane, unfortunately
    however, you can’t find it here. Waterslide paper is offered in clear or white however clear is more preferred,
    considering the fact that almost any unprinted locations for the image may be clear.
    It is maybe essentially the most worldwide of mediums, both in its practice as well as in its range.

  9. In the growth you win you double your money. A “high card” is often a jack, queen, king, or ace.
    Same applies to when you are exhausted or pissed off at anything. https://ceylldyn.livejournal.com/384.html

  10. Spot i’ll carry on with this write-up, I truly think this site requirements a great deal more consideration. I’ll oftimes be once more to see far more, many thanks that info.

  11. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated data, nevertheless seriously really worth taking a look, whoa did 1 learn about Mid East has got a lot more problerms as well

  12. I enjoyed reading the story. But let’s not forget that the story is being told in flashback and soon we will get to know why Zain is arrested.

  13. That is right, write articles about a person are expert on. The best article in the world will ‘t be read
    if nobody will find it. Also, you should check if they
    are able to compose properly. https://918Kiss.bid/games/ntc33

  14. Thank you, I have recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the best I’ve found so far.

  15. hi there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical points using this site, since I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective intriguing content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  16. I am glad that it turned out so well and I hope it will continue in the future because it is so interesting and meaningful to the community.

  17. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your website?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But
    maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2 images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  18. itmnjv,Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It was helpful. Keep on posting!

  19. Some truly great content on this web site, appreciate it for contribution.

  20. qbyuiq,Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It was helpful. Keep on posting!

  21. irixnllois,Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to remember of.

  22. bkdcibwhyfk Yeezy 2019,Some really nice stuff on this website, I enjoy it.

  23. nmvckar,Thanks for sharing such an amazing blog. I am so happy found this informative blog.

  24. yimiuvfg,Very helpful and best artical information Thanks For sharing.